Caption: An Octopus Not in the Aquarium

Source/Date: Daily Graphic, October 23, 1879

Ultimate Source(if different):

Creator: (?) Miranda

Remarks: William Vanderbilt as the head of the Standard Oil Octopus. Standard Oil bargained with the trunk line railroads to obtain rebates (discounts) on oil shipments which gave it a cost advantage over rivals. New York Central rebates helped Standard crush the Empire Transportation Company, as the cartoon suggests.

Keywords: Vanderbilt, William; New York Central Railroad; Pennsylvania Railroad; Standard Oil Company; Discrimination